Critical Reading for Literature Review

Here are 10 questions that must be answered while doing critical reading of literature review.

No. Critical Review
1 What is the most important take home messages (conclusion) in the paper?
2 What is general motivation for the research?
3 What is research gap from previous work (technical problem that the authors found in previous literature(s))?
4 What are solutions proposed by other researchers to solve the general research problem? What are disadvantages of these previous works?
5 In this paper, what is the proposed solution from the authors to solve the research gap and the general problem? According to the authors, why their proposed solution is important? Is there any improvement to previous works? How accurate the improvement?
6 How did the authors validate their proposed solution? Is the solution supported by valid data or experimental results? Is there any discrepancy between what authors calimed and what they wrote in the paper?
7 Try to analyze these parts: research gap, proposed solution, and how to evaluate the proposed solution. Do you find any problem from these three important parts? For example, in simulation-based research, do you think that the proposed solution can be implemented in real-time situation? Do you think that the proposed solution is robust and feasible for different setting/environment? How about the computational time?
8 What is scientific contribution in this paper? Did the authors solve old problem with new approach? Did the authors solve new problem with old approach? Did the authors solve new problem with new approach?
9 Try to read the discussion and conclusion. Do you find any suggestion for improvement in the discussion? What are disadvantage of the proposed solution?
10 Do you find any part of this paper that you don’t understand clearly? (e.g.: mathematical equation, algorithm of the proposed solution, validation, steps, etc.). Try to find as many as possible parts that you don’t understand. This list will guide you to study basic knowledge needed to better understand the paper.

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